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  • Kaimana, Capital of the subdivision of the same name.
    Source: Handbook on Netherlands New Guinea, 1958
    Population Papuans Europeans Asiatics Total
    Subdivision 7,661 169 508 8,338
    Capital 381 159 385 925
    This is an old small locality at the foot of the limestone peninsula Bitsjaru. The Bay, located between the Smora and Bitsjaru peninsula, offers safe anchorage.
    During the last war Kaimana was severely damaged by repeated allied air attacks on the Japanese naval units stationed there. At the end of the hostilities only a few houses had been left standing.
    Not until 1954 did Kaimana become capital of the independent subdivision of the same name. Reconstruction and expansion are proceeding at gradually increasing speed. There are plans to have Kaimana replace Fak-Fak as capital of the division.
    The Chinese Population of Kaimana makes its living chiefly as traders, exporting native products such as copra, copal, lola shells, massoi bark, trepang and crocodile skins. The felling of iron wood trees gradually increases.
    Among the population one finds settlers from the island of Buton, whose main occupation is market gardening, and from the islands of Ceram, Kei and Ambon. Even some people from Timor are living here. A great part of these population groups is in the employment of the Government or missionary societies.
    Some sixty per cent of the population of the subdivision are Protestants, two and one half per cent are Roman Catholics and nineteen per cent are Moslems.

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